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TS: Windows 7, Configuring

Question No: 191 – (Topic 2)

You have a Windows 7 Windows image (WIM) that is mounted. You need to view the list of third-party drivers installed in the image.

What should you do?

  1. Run Dism.exe and specify /get-drivers parameter.

  2. Run Driverquery.exe and specify the /si parameter.

  3. From Device Manager, view all hidden devices.

  4. From Windows Explorer, open the \Windows\System32\Drivers folder from the mount folder.

Answer: A Explanation:

DismDeployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) is a command-line tool used to service Windows庐 images offline before deployment. You can use it to install, uninstall, configure, and update Windows features, packages, drivers, and international settings.

Subsets of the DISM servicing commands are also available for servicing a running operating system.

Windows 7 introduces the DISM command-line tool. You can use DISM to service a Windows image or to prepare a Windows PE image. DISM replaces Package Manager (Pkgmgr.exe), PEimg, and Intlcfg in Windows Vista, and includes new features to improve the experience for offline servicing. You can use DISM to perform the following actions: – Prepare a Windows PE image.

  • Enable or disable Windows features within an image.

  • Upgrade a Windows image to a different edition.

  • Add, remove, and enumerate packages.

  • Add, remove, and enumerate drivers.

  • Apply changes based on the offline servicing section of an unattended answer file.

  • Configure international settings.

  • Implement powerful logging features.

  • Service operating systems such as Windows Vista with SP1 and Windows Server 2008.

  • Service a 32-bit image from a 64-bit host and service a 64-bit image from a 32-bit host.

  • Service all platforms (32-bit, 64-bit, and Itanium).

  • Use existing Package Manager scripts.

NOT DriverqueryEnables an administrator to display a list of installed device drivers and their properties. If used without parameters, driverquery runs on the local computer. (Could not see documention of images, only computers, therefore assumed this command does not support images) /si : Displays digital signature information for both signed and unsigned device drivers.

Question No: 192 – (Topic 2)

You have a computer that runs Windows Vista.

You need to identify whether the computer can be upgraded to Windows 7. Which tool should you use?

  1. Windows Anytime Upgrade for Windows 7

  2. Windows Anytime Upgrade for Windows Vista

  3. Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor

  4. Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor

Answer: C Explanation:

Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor

Prior to attempting to perform the upgrade from Windows Vista to Windows 7, you should run the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor. The Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor is an application that you can download from Microsoft’s\ Web site that will inform you if Windows 7 supports a computer running the current hardware and software configuration of Windows Vista.

Prior to running the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor, you should ensure that all hardware that you want to use with Windows 7, such as printers, scanners, and cameras, are connected to the computer. The Upgrade Advisor generates a report that informs you of which applications and devices are known to have problems with Windows 7. NOT Windows Anytime Upgrade

A similar compatability report is generated during the upgrade process, but the version created by the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor is more likely to be up to date.NOT VistaQuestion specifies upgrading to Windows 7 from Windows Vista, not upgrading to Windows Vista.

Question No: 193 – (Topic 2)

You have a computer that runs Windows 7. The computers hard disks are configured as shown in the following table.

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You need to ensure that you can recover the operating system and all the files on the computer if both hard disks fail.

Which two actions should you perform? (Each correct answer presents part of the solution. Choose two.)

  1. Create a system image.

  2. Create a system repair disc.

  3. Shrink C and then create a new partition.

  4. Connect an external hard disk to the computer.

Answer: A,D Explanation:

A System Image is a copy of all the files and folders on the system disk (and other specified hard disks) on a computer. You can use a System Image backup to restore the computer to exactly what its configuration was when the System Image backup was created.

External hard drives can be removed and stored in a secure location.NOT System Repair Disc:A system repair disc can be used to boot your computer. It also contains Windows system recovery tools that can help you recover Windows from a serious error or restore your computer from a system image. It does not actually save the data and will only help if a system image exists elsewhere.NOT Shrink: All partitions are inaccessible is a hard disk fails.

Question No: 194 – (Topic 2)

You want to centralize backups by backing up all client computers in your company#39;s production network to a network share on a file server running Windows Server 2008 R2. All your client computers run Windows 7, but because your company has grown through a series of mergers, some run Windows 7 Professional, some run Windows 7 Enterprise, and some run Windows 7 Ultimate.

Which computers can you back up to a network share?

  1. Only the computers running Windows 7 Ultimate

  2. Only the computers running Windows 7 Enterprise

  3. Only the computers running either Windows 7 Ultimate or Windows 7 Enterprise

  4. All your company#39;s client computers

Answer: D

Question No: 195 – (Topic 2)

You have a computer that runs windows 7. You have a third-party application.

You need to ensure that only a specific version of the application runs on the computer. You have the application vendor#39;s digital signature.

What should you do?

  1. From Application Control Policies, configure a path rule.

  2. From Application Control Policies, configure a publisher rule.

  3. From Software Restriction policies, configure a path rule.

  4. From Software Restriction policies, configure a certificate rule.

Answer: B Explanation:

AppLocker Application Control Policies

AppLocker is a feature new to Windows 7 that is available only in the Enterprise and Ultimate editions of the product. AppLocker policies are conceptually similar to Software Restriction Policies, though AppLocker policies have several advantages, such as the ability to be applied to specific user or group accounts and the ability to apply to all future versions of a product. As you learned earlier in this chapter, hash rules apply only to a specific version of an application and must be recalculated whenever you apply software updates to that application. AppLocker policies are located in the Computer Configuration\Windows Settings\ Security Settings \Application Control Policies node of a standard Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2 GPO. AppLocker relies upon the Application Identity Service being active. When you install Windows 7, the startup type of this service is set to Manual. When testing AppLocker, you should keep the startup type as

Manual in case you configure rules incorrectly. In that event, you can just reboot the computer and the AppLocker rules will no longer be in effect. Only when you are sure that your policies are applied correctly should you set the startup type of the Application Identity Service to Automatic. You should take great care in testing AppLocker rules because it is possible to lock down a computer running Windows 7 to such an extent that the computer becomes unusable. AppLocker policies are sometimes called application control policies.

AppLocker Application Control Policies – Publisher Rules

Publisher rules in AppLocker work on the basis of the code-signing certificate used by the file’s publisher. Unlike a Software Restriction Policy certificate rule, it is not necessary to obtain a certificate to use a publisher rule because the details of the digital signature are extracted from a reference application file. If a file has no digital signature, you cannot restrict or allow it using AppLocker publisher rules. Publisher rules allow you more flexibility than hash rules because you can specify not only a specific version of a file but also all future versions of that file. This means that you do not have to re-create publisher rules each time you apply a software update because the existing rule remains valid. You can also allow only a specific version of a file by setting the Exactly option.AppLocker Application Control Policies – Path RulesAppLocker path rules work in a similar way to Software Restriction Policy path rules. Path rules let you specify a folder, in which case the path rule applies to the entire contents of the folder, including subfolders, and the path to a specific file. The advantage of path rules is that they are easy to create. The disadvantage of path rules is that they are the least secure form of AppLocker rules. An attacker can subvert a path rule if they copy an executable file into a folder covered by a path rule or overwrite a file that is specified by a path rule. Path rules are only as effective as the file and folder permissions applied on the computer.

Software Restriction Policies

Software Restriction Policies is a technology available to clients running Windows 7 that is available in Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server 2008. You manage Software Restriction Policies through Group Policy. You can find Software Restriction Policies in the Computer Configuration \Windows Settings\Security Settings\Software Restriction Policies node of a group policy. When you use Software Restriction Policies, you use the Unrestricted setting to allow an application to execute and the Disallowed setting to block an application from executing. You can achieve many of the same application restriction objectives with Software Restriction Policies that you can with AppLocker policies. The advantage of Software Restriction Policies over AppLocker policies is that Software Restriction Policies can apply to computers running Windows XP and Windows Vista, as well as to computers running Windows 7 editions that do not support AppLocker. The disadvantage of Software Restriction Policies is that all rules must be created manually because there are no built-in wizards to simplify the process of rule creation.Software Restriction Policies – Path Rules

Path rules, allow you to specify a file, folder, or registry key as the target of a Software Restriction Policy. The more specific a path rule is, the higher its precedence. For example, if you have a path rule that sets the file C: \Program files\Application\App.exe to Unrestricted and one that sets the folder C:\Program files\Application to Disallowed, the more specific rule takes precedence and the application can execute. Wildcards can be used in path rules, so it is possible to have a path rule that specifies C:\Program files\Application\*.exe. Wildcard rules are less specific than rules that use a file’s full path. The drawback of path rules is that they rely on files and folders remaining in place. For example, if you created a path rule to block the application C:\Apps\Filesharing.exe, an attacker could execute the same application by moving it to another directory or renaming it something other than Filesharing.exe. Path rules work only when the file and folder permissions of the underlying operating system do not allow files to be moved and renamed. Software Restriction Policies – Certificate Rules Certificate rules use a code- signed software publisher’s certificate to identify applications signed by that publisher.

Certificate rules allow multiple applications to be the target of a single rule that is as secure as a hash rule. It is not necessary to modify a certificate rule in the event that a software update is released by the vendor because the updated application will still be signed using the vendor’s signing certificate. To configure a certificate rule, you need to obtain a certificate from the vendor. Certificate rules impose a performance burden on computers on which they are applied because the certificate’s validity must be checked before the application can execute. Another disadvantage of certificate rules is that they apply to all applications from a vendor. If you want to allow only 1 application from a vendor to execute but the vendor has 20 applications available, you are better off using a different type of Software Restriction Policy because otherwise users can execute any of those other 20 applications.

Question No: 196 – (Topic 2)

You have a computer that runs Windows 7.

The computer is configured to use an intranet Microsoft update service location. You need to view the name of the intranet service location.

What should you do?

  1. At a command prompt, run Wusa.exe.

  2. Open Event Viewer and examine the Application log.

  3. Open Windows Update and click View update history.

  4. Review the contents of the C:\windows\windowsupdate.log file.

Answer: D Explanation: WindowsUpdate.log

Provides information about when the Windows Update Agent connects to the WSUS server and retrieves the software updates for compliance assessment and whether there are updates to the agent components.

Question No: 197 – (Topic 2)

Your network consists of a single Active Directory domain named contoso.com. You have a server named Server1 that runs a custom network application.

Server1 has the following IP addresses:

->192.168.15.10

->192.168.15.11

You need to ensure that a client computer resolves server1.contoso.com to only the 192.168.15.11 IP address.

What should you do from the computer?

  1. Edit the hosts file

  2. Edit the lmhosts file

  3. Run Ipconfig.exe /flushdns

  4. Run Netsh interface ipv4 reset

Answer: A Explanation:

Differences Between the HOSTS and LMHOSTS Files in Windows NT

In Windows NT, the HOSTS file is for TCP/IP utilities, and the LMHOSTS file is for LAN Manager NET utilities. If you cannot PING another computer (using a friendly name), check

the HOSTS file. If you cannot NET VIEW a server using only the TCP/IP protocol, check the LMHOSTS file.

Hosts fileThe Hosts file is a common way to resolve a host name to an IP address through a locally stored text file that contains IP-address-to-host-name mappings. On most UNIX- based computers, this file is /etc/hosts. On Windows-based computers, this file is the Hosts file in the systemroot\System32\Drivers\Etc folder. The following describes the attributes of the Hosts file for Windows: A single entry consists of an IP (IPv4 or IPv6) address and one or more host names. The Hosts file is dynamically loaded into the DNS client resolver cache, which Windows Sockets applications use to resolve a host name to an IP address on both local and remote subnets. When you create entries in the Hosts file and save it, its contents are automatically loaded into the DNS client resolver cache. The Hosts file contains a default entry for the host name localhost. The Hosts file can be edited with any text editor. Each host name is limited to 255 characters. Entries in the Hosts file for Windows-based computers are not case sensitive. The advantage of using a Hosts file is that users can customize it for themselves. Each user can create whatever entries they want, including easy-to-remember nicknames for frequently accessed resources. However, the individual maintenance required for the Hosts file does not scale well to storing large numbers of FQDN mappings or reflecting changes to IP addresses for servers and network resources. The solution for the large-scale storage and maintenance of FQDN mappings is DNS. The solution for the maintenance of FQDN mappings for changing IP addresses is DNS dynamic update.NOT LMHOSTS FileThe LMHOSTS file is a local text file that maps IP addresses to NetBIOS names of remote servers with which you want to communicate over the TCP/IP protocol. Windows recognizes names instead of IP addresses for network requests and a name discovery process is used to correctly route network requests with TCP/IP. Because the name discovery process is generally not routed by an IP router, the LMHOSTS file allows Windows machines to communicate using TCP/IP across a subnet.

  • LMHOSTS contains IP address to quot;NetBIOS over TCP/IPquot; name translations.

  • LMHOSTS is only used by the NBT (NetBIOS over TCP/IP) interface.

  • LMHOSTS file contains some valuable additions to the LAN Manager and Windows for Workgroups

  • LMHOSTS file, such as the ability to support routed domain logon validation.

  • LMHOSTS contains static information about TCP/IP addresses, but using logon scripts and/or the replicator service, the quot;masterquot; file can be distributed transparently across all stations.

  • By default, the LMHOSTS file should be located in the directory

%SYSTEMROOT%\SYSTEM32\DRIVERS \ETC (usually C:\WINNT\SYSTEM32\DRIVERS\ETC).

Other info http://support.microsoft.com/kb/105997

Question No: 198 – (Topic 2)

You have 20 client computers. The computers run Windows XP. The computers are joined to a domain.

You plan to perform installation of Windows 7 on the computers.

You need to transfer all users#39; documents and settings. You must exclude music and video files.

You need to use the minimum amount of administration effort. What should you do first?

  1. Create a config.xml file. Configure a logon script for windows XP computers to launch Windows 7 installations.

  2. Modify the migapp.xml file. Configure a logon script for the Windows XP computer to launch Windows 7 installation.

  3. Modify the miguser.xml file. Configure a logon script for the Windows XP computer to launch Windows 7 installation.

  4. Modify the migdocs.xml file. Configure a logon script for the Windows XP computer to launch Windows 7 installation.

Answer: D

Question No: 199 – (Topic 2)

You install an application named app1.exe on a computer After the installation the computer becomes unresponsive.

You restart the computer and attempt to uninstall App1.exe. The uninstallation of App1.exe fails.

You need to restore the computer to its previous functional state. You must achieve the goal by using the minimum amount of administration.

What should you do?

  1. From Recovery, restore a system restore point.

  2. From the Previous Versions tab of App1.exe, click Restore button.

  3. Start the computer, press F8 and then use the Last Known Good Configuration.

  4. Create a system repair disc and then start the computer from the system repair disc.

Answer: A Explanation:

If you install an application that causes your computer to become unstable, you should first attempt to uninstall the application. If this does not solve the problem, you can restore system files and settings by performing a system restore to restore the computer to its last system restore point. A system restore returns a computer system to a selected restore point. System restores do not alter user files. Note that a system restore is not the same as a System Image restore.

Windows 7 creates system restore points on a regular schedule and prior to events such as the installation of applications and drivers. A restore point contains information about registry settings and other system information. Windows 7 generates restore points automatically before implementing significant system changes. You can manually create restore points and restore a computer system to a selected restore point. If you install an application or driver that causes your computer to become unstable, you should first attempt to uninstall the application or roll back the driver. If this does not solve the problem, you can restore system files and settings by performing a system restore to restore the computer to its last system restore point. A system restore returns a computer system to a selected restore point. System restores do not alter user files. Note that a system restore is not the same as a System Image restore.

Question No: 200 – (Topic 2)

You have a computer that runs Windows 7.

You need to identify how much disk space is occupied by previous versions.

What should you do?

  1. At a command prompt, run Diskpart.

  2. At a command prompt, run Vaultcmd.

  3. From System, view the System Protection settings.

  4. From the properties of drive C, view the previous versions settings.

Answer: C Explanation:

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NOT Diskpart:

Microsoft command-line tool Diskpart is used to create and format volumes on the target computer.NOT Vaultcmd:Creates, displays and deletes stored credentials.NOT Properties of drive C:Allows you to view contents, but does not show size.

Topic 3, Volume C

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