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GED Social Studies Exam

Question No: 51

Exhibit鈥?/p>

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Exhibit

Which conclusion about the state of health care in the world in 1997 is supported by information in the graph above?

  1. Health costs were higher in Europe than in the United States.

  2. There were more doctors in Germany than in Sweden.

  3. Canada spent a higher percent of its GDP on health care than did Japan.

  4. Health care was affordable to all people.

  5. The United States spent a higher percent of its GDP on health care than in 1996.

Answer: C

Question No: 52

Mechanization dramatically changed the clothing industry in the late 1800s.Powerful machines that were able to slice through a hundred layers of cloth at a time brought the speed of cutting clothes in line with the sewing operation.Completely automatic looms meant that one weaver could produce 400 yards of fabric in an hour.Improved cylinder presses could print from two to twelve colors at the same time.As calico florals rolled off the cylinders, one of the most expensive fabrics of the 1700s became one of the cheapest in the 1800s.

Adapted from American Heritage, December 1988, Vol. 39, 42.

The article supports which statement about the relationship of mechanization and the work world?

  1. Fewer, more expensive products are a positive sign of progress.

  2. Mechanization does not affect the lives of average citizens.

  3. Technology slows down the activities in most industries.

  4. Productivity relates to available machinery.

  5. Mechanization produces boredom on the job.

Answer: D

Question No: 53

Exhibit:

image

How could governments best help to solve the social problem illustrated in the cartoon above?

  1. by encouraging more people to drive their cars to work

  2. by decreasing the number of job retraining programs

  3. by destroying slums and building shopping centers

  4. by providing more lighting on the streets

  5. by promoting programs for affordable housing

Answer: E

Question No: 54

As long as history has been recorded, groups of people have been forced to leave their homes and countries.In recent years, millions of people have become refugees because of wars; rebellions; and political, ethnic, and religious persecution.

Which statement below about refugees is best supported by this information?

  1. voluntarily have left their homes

  2. emigrate because of chronic civil unrest

  3. have been able to return to their homes

  4. have more control over political events than before

  5. need less international support than before

Answer: B

Question No: 55

Voice of America (VOA) is a U.S. government tradio broadcast whose goal is to quot;promote better understanding of the United States in other countries.quot; VOA promises accurate and fair broadcasts that present news and information from many points of view and about many subjects.

Which of the following newspaper articles would most closely reflect the promise of the VOA policy?

  1. reports campaign issues from one political party’s point of view

  2. reports about a political speech from a variety of reliable sources

  3. ignores public officials who have different points of view from that of the newspaper editor

  4. presents an advertiser-sponsored account about famous people

  5. reports only the newspaper owner’s views on foreign trade

Answer: B

Question No: 56

quot;Resolved, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.quot;

Richard Henry Lee, 1776

Which of the following statements reflects Lee’s proposal to the Continental Congress in 1776?

  1. Go to war with all of Europe.

  2. Form a stronger union with Great Britain.

  3. Break away from Great Britain to form independent states.

  4. Promise their loyalty to the king of England.

  5. Be patient with the British government.

Answer: C

Question No: 57

There are two reasons robots compete with human labor.First, robotic and microcomputer technologies can accomplish a variety of tasks.Second, human labor costs have grown at a much greater rate than the costs of robots.People have the choice of either accepting lower wages to compete with robots or preparing for jobs that cannot be performed by machines.

Which conclusion below about the workplace is best supported by the viewpoint presented?

  1. Robots can perform most jobs that people in the workforce can.

  2. Robots may decrease labor costs but increase unemployment.

  3. Unionized workers should stop the use of robots in industry.

  4. Higher wages for workers will result from the use of robots.

  5. Robots will eventually create more leisure time for workers.

Answer: B

Question No: 58

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service recommended listing northern spotted owls as a threatened species.Fewer than 2000 spotted owls lived in the timber-rich forests of the Pacific Northwest.U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologists said that poor timber harvest management by the U.S. Forest Service was a chief cause for habitat loss and declining numbers of these owls.

Which is the main reason the northern spotted owl was listed as a threatened species?

  1. The number of owls declined because they lost their habitat.

  2. The owls migrated elsewhere because there was no food.

  3. The owls struggled to survive because the climate changed.

  4. Natural disasters destroyed the owls’ habitat.

  5. The owls’ migration patterns threatened their homes.

Answer: A

Question No: 59

Social scientists have identified techniques and principles for reducing the effects of racism and bigotry.By organizing groups of people of different races and equal status for a common purpose, social scientists have helped reduce racial and ethnic stereotypes among those people.

According to this viewpoint, which method below would most likely reduce prejudice among people?

  1. Remove offensive books from college courses.

  2. Form learning teams of mixed races to address issues of mutual concern.

  3. Encourage people of the same race to work together.

  4. Try not to identify problems that are caused by racism.

  5. Encourage adults to give up their prejudices.

Answer: B

Question No: 60

Exhibit:

image

Which of the following developments would the cartoonist at the left most likely favor?

  1. greater tax breaks for businesses that have a negative effect on the environment

  2. more power to enforce federal environmental protection regulations

  3. more federal assistance for private industry

  4. less funding for federal regulation of industrial and chemical pollutants

  5. deregulation of the power and oil companies

Answer: B

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